Structure Therapeutics Stock Soars on Positive Weight-Loss Drug Trial Results

Structure Therapeutics (GPCR) shares surged up to 80% after their weight-loss drug showed significant efficacy, achieving up to 6.9% weight reduction in patients during clinical trials.

On June 3, 2024, Structure Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: GPCR) saw its stock surge by 60%, reaching a six-month high, following the announcement of positive results from its mid-stage weight loss drug trials. The biotech company reported promising outcomes for its oral non-peptide small molecule GLP-1 receptor agonist, GSBR-1290, which demonstrated a clinically meaningful and statistically significant placebo-adjusted mean weight loss of 6.2% at the 12-week mark of its Phase 2a obesity study. Moreover, a capsule to tablet pharmacokinetic (PK) study designed to explore a new tablet formulation of GSBR-1290 showed up to 6.9% mean weight loss, also achieving primary and secondary objectives, with similar results.

A significant proportion of patients showed striking weight loss figures, with one-third of the study participants achieving more than 10% weight loss. This performance is comparable to Eli Lilly's oforglipron pill, highlighting GSBR-1290’s competitive potential in the weight loss drug market. However, nearly two-thirds of Structure's patients experienced vomiting, though tolerability reportedly improved over time. Importantly, no liver toxicity was observed in patients.

Structure's achievement is notable not only for the drug's efficacy but also for its form. GSBR-1290 is a "small molecule" medicine, which is easier to produce than larger molecule equivalents. This could offer significant benefits in terms of production scalability and accessibility, addressing some of the key challenges in the weight loss drug industry. The company's chief executive, Raymond Stevens, highlighted the scalable manufacturing process as a critical advantage in meeting global demand.

The positive outcomes have generated a wave of optimism regarding Structure Therapeutics’ prospects in the burgeoning obesity drug market, currently dominated by a few major players like Novo Nordick and Eli Lilly. Analysts, including JPMorgan’s Hardik Parikh, anticipate that Structure may seek partnerships with larger biopharma companies to effectively penetrate the market. The entry of GSBR-1290 and its potential efficacy and manufacturing advantages place Structure in a promising position to capture a significant share of the market, which is expected to expand substantially in the coming decade.

The company plans to advance GSBR-1290, with a 36-week Phase 2b study in obesity slated to begin in the fourth quarter of 2024. This will involve around 300 participants and leverage the tablet formulation developed during the Phase 2a studies. Dr. Raymond Stevens, Founder and CEO of Structure, expressed optimism about the drug’s future, citing its once-a-day dosing, dose-proportional exposure, and competitive treatment effect at 12 weeks.

Medical professionals, including Dr. Ania Jastreboff of Yale School of Medicine, have highlighted the urgent need for effective oral treatments for obesity, citing the advantages of small molecule drugs in terms of production, stability, and cost-effectiveness. These advantages are essential for addressing the global obesity epidemic, expected to affect 1 billion people by 2030.

In summary, Structure Therapeutics has made significant strides with its GSBR-1290 drug in the fight against obesity. The reported efficacy, combined with favorable tolerability and the advantages of a small molecule oral formulation, positions Structure to make a substantial impact on obesity treatment worldwide. Investors and analysts alike are closely watching as the company progresses through its clinical trials, with high expectations for its potential to disrupt the weight loss drug industry.

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